|Emerging activities dealing with growing pains
||Emphasis will be placed on difficulties commonly faced in emerging activities/areas, such as scale considerations in introducing technological and organisational innovation, difficulties in joining global value chains, in penetrating export markets. Key enabling technologies will be explored in this regard, as will scope expansion and investment attraction for important areas such as tourism, cluster formation, and incubators for start-up firms. These emerging activity areas include plastics/tyres, pharmaceuticals, electrical/electronic appliances, innovative structural materials, hybrid energy and environmental technologies. A new take on tourism and alternative, targeted services therein (ecotourism, gastrotourism, etc.) is also an important activity under this rubric.
|Restructuring and reorientation of agrifood complex
||Emphasis will be given to vertical integration, outward orientation, high value-added products (e.g. in food and beverages, aquaculture and fisheries, etc.), use of ICTs, certification, standardisation (beyond ISO) according to importing countries' varying standards (e.g. for grapes, BRC for the UK, IFS for France and Germany), cross-regional collaboration, efficiency enhancement, including logistics, and energy. The latter includes use of agrifood byproducts in energy production, as well as the use of renewables, and innovation in waste management to reduce environmental footprints.
||Manufacturing technologies, KETs, ICTs