||In this priority, research and technological development in Extremadura should be developed in two aspects: 1. Large scale use of production plants in operation as laboratories for field testing of new developments related to thermo-solar and photovoltaic technologies, where domains such as Electronics, Automation and Electrical Engineering are involved.
Thus, activities related to high temperature photovoltaic through the development of refrigerated panels, concentration on triple union systems, co-generation systems or development of components for thermo-solar plants, have been identified as key for the region, in which scientific-technological domains such as New Materials and Electronics, Automation and Electrical Engineering are involved. 2. Development of technology for small and medium scale production, as well as those systems related to the smart energy management where Information and Communications Technologies play an important role as a scientific and technological domain. In this case, specialisation activities have been detected related to thermo-solar - biomass hybridisation technologies, ""plug-in"" biomass boilers, systems for the production of biogas from agri-food waste, cogeneration systems for self-consumption, photovoltaic irrigation, technologies for the energy storage, electric vehicle with fuel cells (hydrogen bombs), use of electric vehicle fleet for the storage of surplus photovoltaic electricity production, ICT applied to energy management (micro-networks), or isolated management systems, among other.
Extremadura is committed to the development of new energy technologies to contribute to the development and internationalisation of the sector and will advance in the direction of converting the region into a space for the testing, development and improvement of various advanced technologies applied to clean energies.
||The strategic activities of the region in healthcare are grouped into two large categories. 1. activities related to socio-health care; and 2. those aimed at the diagnosis and treatment of diseases.
Thus, tele-medicine, tele-care, or the development of applications for care and assistance in the home, as well as the monitoring of chronic patients, are considered key activities for the region. In the same way, the development of materials for biomedical applications, or of biosensors and nano-sensors to monitor health status are examples of potential regional specialisation activities in the sector.
In the category of diagnosis and treatment of diseases, the use of ""ohmic"" techniques (genomics, proteomics, among others), or the development of health technologies, medical devices and new drugs is essential. Likewise, there is a high potential in the connection between health and food in the field of functional foods, pro-biotics or food supplements.
Finally, it is worth highlighting the opportunity that is opened in the health sector to make infrastructure and public services a model of ""living laboratory"" in which to generate and validate technologies that improve the quality of life of citizens.
||Information and Communication Technologies, beside being a transversal S&T domain that facilitate the development of other regional specialisation areas, it is an area of excellence itself with capacity and potential in Extremadura. A series of key activities with high potential for specialisation in the sector in the region are Data management (Big Data, Sensor Networks, Remote Sensing, Linked Data and Open Data), Cloud Computing (provision of ICT resources and computer applications that contribute to the improvement of competitiveness, internationalisation and/or cost reduction by companies, citizens or Public Administration), high performance computing, Networks and Mobile Systems, among others.
||Application of the regional S&T tourism domains will favour the development of activities related to three areas of action. 1. Preservation of natural and cultural heritage; 2. The introduction of new technologies in the sector; 3. development of new tourism products that allow to take advantage of existing resources and boost demand. In this way, activities of potential specialisation are considered to be those aimed at promoting the preservation and optimisation of the use of natural resources, the management of protected areas or the regeneration of the autochtonous biodiversity that favour nature tourism or agro-tourism. On the other hand, it is equally important to develop new materials for the conservation and restoration of the heritage or the application of new treatments for stone or wood.
The incorporation of Electronics, Automation or ICT into the sector allows the development of new applications that facilitate the promotion and commercialisation of tourist attractions at all times and internationally. On the other hand, 3D modelling and digitalisation of historical-artistic heritage, the development of virtual reality applications, or the development of applications for tourism management, represent an important advance for the sector.
Finally, innovation should be the main engine of growth of tourism products in Extremadura. This must be based on the identification of opportunities and resources of high potential, which avoid seasonal fluctuations and favour the territorial rebalancing, leaving aside the traditional approach focused on the destinations and turning the look towards the products. For this, the research on Humanities and Social Sciences will allow to value the intangible heritage of Extremadura through the application of knowledge to new tourism products. In short, it is about creating more value for the customer in traditional products and designing new attractive offer of differentiated experiences and in line with the new demands of the market.
||Three major agro-food areas for research and development: 1. agricultural production, 2. S&T of food and 3. economic activities derived from the generation of value from this industry, such as agro-tourism or gastronomy. Ad.1. In relation to agricultural production, activities related to the integral management of pasture, food and animal welfare, animal and plant genetics, adaptation of production to climate change, as well as the development of bio-fertilisers or the incorporation of ICTs in agriculture, livestock and forestry production have been determined as potential. Ad.2. Food technologies are an important boost to the agricultural sector of Extremadura, which through the application of scientific-technological domains such as Chemistry, Biochemistry or Biotechnology can affect the organoleptic, the optimisation of processes, the certification of products by analytical and sensorial methods, or in the processing and development of new ingredients and additives. Ad.3. Food preservation and packaging technologies, the development of new formats, new packaging, food safety applied to the processing and post-processing industry, as well as the development of products of IV and V range have been referred to as potential specialisation activities throughout the process of defining the Strategy. Thus, Electronics and Automation play an important role in the development of agro-industrial technologies that optimise the production chain and improve productivity and agro-food quality. Finally, the economic activities related to the hybridisation or interrelation of the agro-food sector with other sectors, besides contributing to the generation of value for the industry favour the diversification through activities such as agro-tourism, or the development of new functional foods and food supplements in the relationship between food and health.