|Creative and Digital Industries
||Cultural and creative industries in a wide sense account for 4% of the GAV of the Autonomous Region and generate 2% of the employment in Navarra (some 6,000 workers). Navarra stands outfor the relevance of the music and recording sector as a result of its quota in European employment (7 per thousand) and for the movement that exists around audiovisual production. Creativity on the other hand, especially in its digital facet, is considered to be a key to the competitiveness of the remainder of the industrial sectors.
• Navarra has the support of the Law on Cultural Patronage and there are tax incentives for investments in cinematographic productions and audiovisual works for both Spanish and international projects.
||• Including the hotel trade, tourism accounts for some 7% of the GDP of Navarra.
• Navarra welcomed around 1.2 million tourists in 2015 with a total of 16,822 direct jobs
associated with the sector.
• The sector was one of the few to show growth during 2008-2014 (1.3%) and the number of
tourists, overnight stays, and the average stays have increased compared with those of 2014
||• Area with a high level of demand, of high added value and relevance to the population,
highly qualified employment, and a high growth potential for exports.
• Important concentration of knowledge centres in the biotechnological area with a
specialisation index of 265 (with 100 being the European average) and growth of 205 in
• Over 18% of patents from Navarra were registered by technological centres and universities
in the field of biopharmacology, doubling the Spanish and European average.
• Complete structure and providing of both health and public health services with a very high
level of administrative integration.
• Highly trained and specialised industrial sectors, ideal for the prototyping of new products
|Renewable energy and Resources
||• Navarra achieved the 2020 European objective years in advance and has a percentage of
renewable energy production of over 80% of the electric consumption of the region, with its
production attaining 3% of the regional GAV.
• During 2008-2013 it became consolidated as the third economic area by volume of patents
with 6.4% of the total. Among other institutions the region has the National Renewable Energy
Centre (Centro Nacional de Energías Renovables, CENER), a reference centre of national
importance, and the Universidad Pública de Navarra.
• As far as exports are concerned renewable energy is the second export sector in the region,
based mainly on the manufacturing of wind turbines and their components.
• The area of resources has an important tradition in Navarra as the region is a pioneer in the
management and conservation of natural resources, with the activities of the recycling of raw
materials and water management (led by the government corporation NILSA) standing out
• Navarra is highly specialised in food chemistry (202.8 compared with a European average
of 100) and growth has been considerable in recent years; moreover it has a Technological
Centre of national importance.
||• The primary and transformation sectors account for 8% of the Gross Added Value (GAV) of
• The GAV has increased by approximately 11% durng 2008-2014 which is above the average
for the remaining sectors.
• Both sectors have a similar level of employment and together account for some 24,000 jobs
• The existence of a rich fabric of cooperatives and self-employed businessmen.
• The transformation sector stands out in Navarra’s total exports, with over 10% of the volume
of the exports from the region.
• The growth in exports between 2008 and 2014 has been around 80% (which is much higher
than the average growth rate of Navarra’s exports as a whole).
• It is the third sector in the number of patents and has a Technological Centre of national
|Automotive and Mechatronics
||• In recent years the car industry is and has been the largest exporter of the region with over
45% of total exports from Navarra.
• Mechatronics or advanced Manufacturing (electronics, ICT, and the manufacturing of
equipment) accounts for some 30% of total exports.
• Mechatronics includes the greatest technological specialisation with almost 39% of the total
of patents registered by companies in recent years.
• Business size exceeds the regional average and the turnover of car industry companies
accounts for over 25% of the total for the region.
• Within the area of ICT and the manufacturing of machinery an important opportunity of
specialisation towards the “Industry 4.0” paradigm is detected.
|Environment and waste