Many EU regions now feel the need to adopt more mission-oriented approaches to challenges like Green Transition - representing an evolution from ‘technology-push’ type policies commonly embodied on the first generation of S3. The ambition they increasingly share for post-2020 is to design and implement transformative innovation policies, which seek not only to increase rates of innovation and its diffusion, but also to add directionality to innovation efforts towards expected societal impacts. This ambition calls for changes in governance and in tools used in the smart specialisation context, as well as in broader national and regional innovation policies.
Source: JRC Publications Repository - Towards Green Transition in EU regions (europa.eu)
Five regions from across the European Union have been analysed representing a diversity of approaches to using S3 for Green Transition: the Basque Country in Spain, the Centro region in Portugal, the region of East & North Finland, the region of Western Macedonia in Greece and the region of West Netherlands.