In its current version of Smart Specialization Strategy, Puglia Region is specifically focussed on social and environmental dimensions of sustainability: the implementation of the policy mix is aimed at offering its target audience an approach that allows to definitively associate the new goals of research and technologies outlined by the Areas of Innovation to the issues of social and environmental sustainability, enhancing also the issues of corporate social responsibility, safety and legality.
In October 2018, the Puglia Region presented to the Ministry of the Environment its expression of interest in the public notice concerning the implementation of the National Strategy for Sustainable Development, with particular reference to the processes of elaboration of the Regional Strategies for Sustainable Development, assisting the Italian Regions in the regional implementation of the objectives of Agenda 2030.
On 21 December 2018, the Ministry and the Region signed the cooperation agreement. In the meanwhile, different sections of regional administration and legislative bodies are developing seminal activities in order to spread out sustainability awareness in regional laws and policies:
- deep reconsideration of the discipline on State Aid: definition of policy choices that contribute more to the adoption of virtuous behaviour by the companies and identification of criteria for monitoring and assessing the impact that these policy actions produce on the territory. For this reason, a grid of criteria and indicators useful for the selection and evaluation of investment projects proposed by the Apulian companies is being developing. This grid includes five guidelines and in which a prominent place is occupied by the considerations related to the circular economy
- the Apulian Parliament is carrying out several initiatives:
- dialogue with some UN Structures to have opportunities for direct exchange of views about the global dimension of the Objectives
- initiatives on the dissemination of Agenda 2030 in collaboration with Europe Direct Puglia as well as communication initiatives to be followed concerning the constitutionalization of Sustainable Development and Comparative Climate Law as a tool for the implementation of some SDGs
- a virtual showcase in which all international projects conducted at regional level are connected to the achievement of one or more SDGs
- an agreement with the Department of Law of the University of Bari to study how to frame the regional legislation with respect to SDGs and participate in the formation of European law (bottom-up) by channelling it into the channel of Agenda 2030
- other agreements in the process of being finalised: to study the aspects of the regional budget related to SDGs, with particular reference to welfare policies; with the WWF to verify if it is possible to replicate in Puglia initiatives on the role of natural oases in achieving the Objectives
- finally, the proposal to be part of the Conference of Presidents of the Legislative Assemblies of the Regions and Autonomous Provinces to join the Italian Alliance for Sustainable Development (ASviS)
The Smart Specialisation of Puglia region is aligned with the following SDGs:
- SDG 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
- SDG 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
- SDG 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
- SDG 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
- SDG 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment
- and decent work for all
- SDG 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster
- SDG 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Apart from some italian regional Smart Specialisation Strategies which combine their objectives with SDGs, Italy has its own National Strategy for Sustainable Development (SNSvS). This strategy draws a vision of the future and development focused on sustainability, as a shared value and essential to address the global challenges of our country.
Starting from the update of the "Environmental Action Strategy for Sustainable Development in Italy 2002- 2010", entrusted to the Ministry of the Environment by Law no. 221 of 28 December 2015, the SNSvS takes a broader perspective and becomes a strategic framework of reference of sectoral and territorial policies in Italy, drawing an important role for institutions and civil society in the long process of implementation, which will continue until 2030.
The SNSvS is embedded in a renewed global framework, aimed at strengthening the often fragmented path of sustainable development at the global level. The Strategy represents the first step to declining at the national level the principles and objectives of the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development, adopted in 2015 at the United Nations at the level of Heads of State and Government, assuming the 4 guiding principles: integration, universality, transformation and inclusion.
The SNSvS, presented to the Council of Ministers on 2 October 2017 and approved by the CIPE on 22 December 2017, is the result of intense technical work and a broad and complex process of consultation with central governments, regions, civil society, the world of research and knowledge. In this process, the Ministry of the Environment - coordinated by DG SVI - has worked in close collaboration with the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation and the Ministry of the Economy.