According to the National Smart Specialization in Poland, one of the specialization is to become a circular economy, including selected activity areas, related to the manufacture and processing of materials for example: acquisition of raw materials, ecodesign, waste and water waste, processing and production.
Circular economy is the economic model in which – while maintaining the condition of efficiency – the following basic assumptions are fulfilled:
a) Value added of raw materials/resources, materials and products is maximised or
b) Amount of produced waste is minimised and waste is managed in accordance with the hierarchy of ways to handle waste (prevention of waste formation, preparation for reuse, recycling, other recovery methods, disposal).
These assumptions should be met at every stage in the lifecycle (acquisition of raw materials, ecodesign, processing and production, waste and waste water, substitution).
The National Smart Specialisation Circular Economy (NSS CE) – water, fossil raw materials, waste indicates the preferential areas of support for research, development and innovation work (R&D&I) for the transformation of the Polish economy towards the circular economy model. This change involves not only technological and product innovation, but also new solutions, including system, legislative, organisational, financial and educational, having regard to the value chain and all stakeholders.
There is a strong need to continue the RIS 3 activities in the next programming period 2021-2017, related to entrepreneurial discovery process, monitoring and evaluation. Poland (on national level) together with 16 regions has developed the coordinated system of 17 RIS 3 startegies which is complementary and effective. Priority selection policy should be continued but most attention should be put on choosing most innovative projects which can ensure susitainable growth and competition with external markets. We laso see the room to find new ways of attracting stakeholders in cooperation with partners from other regions or countries as we can notice the willingness of transnational cooperation is quite low.
There is a close intersection between SDGs and NSS and all the smart specialization priorities address the goals defined under the 2030 Agenda. What can be done at the national level to better uderline the intersection of RIS3 and SDGs is to show links between RIS 3 and SDGs, both by thematic synergies and the instruments which can be used to develop smart specialziation in the context of sustainable growth.
Polish national S3 is aligned with the following SDGs:
- SDG 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
- SDG 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
- SDG 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
- SDG 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
- SDG 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
- SDG 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
- SDG 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
- SDG 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
- SDG 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
- SDG 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.