Contacts Contacts


Publications Publications

Smart Specialisation and Blue biotechnology in Europe

Doussineau M., Gnamus A., Gomez J., Haarich S., Holstein F.

The EU Blue Economy Report 2020

The European Commission Directorate General for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, and t he Joint Research Centre

Smart Specialisation in Sparsely Populated European Arctic Regions

Jukka Teräs, Viktor Salenius, Laura Fagerlund and Lina Stanionyte
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Related Documents Related Documents

Multi-Level Governance of Innovation and Smart Specialisation

Zane Šime, Baltic TRAM High Level Group, EUSBSR PA Innovation

National innovation and smart specialisation governance in the Baltic Sea region

04/2017 Artūras Mickus, Inga Jēkabsone, Lauma Muižniece, Ninetta Chaniotou, Piotr Szmigielski

Baltic Sea Region Baltic Sea Region

What is the S3 cooperation in BSR?

The EU Baltic Sea region (BSR) counts 85 million inhabitants (17 percent of EU population) and eight countries (Sweden, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland) which share common features and challenges. In addition Norway, Belarus and Russia are welcome in the collaboration.

The EU Strategy for Baltic Sea Region (EUSBSR) and its Action plan is an integrated framework for identifying common needs and matching them with available resources through the coordination of appropriate policies to tackle common challenges. The strategy initiates initiatives in different sectors and promotes cooperation between stakeholders in the BSR.

Smart specialisation (S3) is a new building block for collaboration in innovation in the BSR, which can stimulate the constructive use of regional diversity to build globally-leading innovation hubs in common or complementary S3 areas.

What is the rationale?

The EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region builds on long traditions of collaboration and established cooperation in the field of innovation among the countries. Various trans-national R&I collaborations and mechanisms for co-financing of activities have been tested within this framework. Nonetheless, to accelerate trans-national collaboration, institutions need to align their efforts more effectively to achieve synergies. With the S3 approach regions can explore competitive advantages at the macro-regional level making the best use of available assets, competences and funds with an ambition to become internationally competitive and plugged in to global value chains to strengthen their global position and visibility.


Macro-regional strategies aim at bringing together stakeholders from different policy levels and sectors. It's a platform which gathers a broad range of actors: national and regional stakeholders, sectorial ministries, OP managing authorities, academia, research, non-governmental organisations, etc. in an organised way to tackle common challenges. Thus the potential to mobilise relevant stakeholders and create strategic innovation partnerships at macro-regional level is higher.

A number of networks exist in the Baltic Sea Region fostering cooperation in relevant thematic areas such as:

The Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS), is a political forum for regional inter-governmental cooperation.

The Baltic Sea States Subregional Cooperation (BSSSC) brings together regional authorities from all the countries in the Baltic Sea Region.

The Conference of Peripheral Maritime Regions (CPMR) and its Baltic Sea Commission bring together the peripheral maritime regions of the BSR.

The Union of the Baltic Cities (UBC) is a network for municipalities and cities in the Baltic Sea Region.

The Baltic Development Forum (BDF) is a high-level network for representatives from business, public sector, civil servants and politicians and academia in the Baltic Sea Region providing platforms for collaboration.

The Nordic Council of Ministers is the official body for Nordic intergovernmental co-operation, which is an important partner for BSR cooperation with a Nordic dimension

What facilitates the S3 cooperation in BSR?

The S3 Platform facilitates work on synergies in S3 within the BSR. The S3P works closely with the Policy Area Innovation (PA INNO) of the EUSBSR, the Baltic Sea Region Programme, DG Regio and BSR countries and regions towards increased innovation and growth through S3 in the macro region. Several joint meetings and events have taken place to share knowledge and exploit the synergies and to match-make stakeholders around similar S3 priorities which gave impetus to new collaborative initiatives around.

The BSR Programme is an important instrument contributing to the implementation of the EUSBSR.  The programme has already approved some projects to enhance growth opportunities based on cooperation applying the S3 approach such as: Smart blue regions; EmpInno; BSR Stars S3

The network of European Regional Development Funds (ERDF) Managing Authorities work on aligning ERDF structural fund programmes in order to initiate project collaboration supporting the implementation of the EUSBSR . They have initiated a pilot project exploring how to jointly fund a collaborative activity in S3 in clean technologies.

News News

Interreg BSR call for project platforms

Interreg Baltic Sea Region opened the first call for applications for project platforms.

Innovation Express call for transnational clusters in BSR

Innovation Express is a joint call for proposals implemented within the framework of the BSR Stars programme – a flagship of the EU Strategy for...

New call to access research services in BSR

The "Baltic TRAM" BSR programme project has launched a call for companies to get free access to state-of-the-art analytical research facilities...
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Events Events

Smart Specialisation in the Arctic Regions

On 11th of October the S3 Platform invites to discuss how smart specialisation supports sustainable and innovative development of Arctic regions at Arctic...

The 9th Annual Forum of the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region

The Forum is hosted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia together with the Baltic Development Forum in close cooperation with the European...

JRC Macro-Regional Innovation Week 2018

The JRC is organising from 24 to 26 January 2018 in Ispra (IT) the event "Macro-Regional Innovation Week" with a focus on Science and Technology (S&T)...
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