Monitoring report covering the period from January to June 2019
New challenges have emerged for the geothermal sector, adding to those already existing and related to technological competitiveness. Currently, a further expansion of this market is indeed limited by some social and environmental concerns, often closely linked to technological constraints.
In order to overcome these problems, but also to expand the use of geothermal energy and increase the use of the heat of the Earth, both for electricity and direct uses, a new model of governance respecting territories and improving sustainable development is necessary. This new model can be called Geothermal Energy 2.0 and its goal is very clear: it should be found a synthesis among purposes, expectations and contrasts inside the communities, towards sustainable development, respecting the vocation of territories and communities and supporting private businesses. The way to achieve these objectives should give great attention to citizens: Regional Authorities should listen to local communities, involving municipalities in decision making processes and collecting positive remarks from people.
Partner Regions are all engaged in projects and investments in geothermal energy technologies. Through their commitment to the S3 Partnership Geothermal Energy 2.0, they are fostering interregional cooperation to share, test and jointly develop new solutions that can help overcoming existing gaps and concerns.
1. Biancane, © O. Pippucci 2. GEODH_plant, © COSVIG Scrl 3. Geoth Well drilling, © COSVIG Scrl
1. Geoth spirulina greenhouse, © COSVIG Scrl 2. Larderello, © A. Burgassi 3. Steamline, © COSVIG Scrl
The S3 Partnership has not yet specified specific working areas but the following potential subcategories of activities have been identified, taking into account three different value chains belonging to geothermal sector, but referred to markets quite different, usually with different actors:
- Power generation, including hydrothermal systems and EGS (Enhanced Geothermal System) for power generation
- Direct uses, including district heating and cooling systems and other systems for heating and cooling, as well as productive processes
- Ground coupling technologies, typically used to exchange heat or cool at shallower depths, they usually exploit the Earth’s near constant subterranean temperature, often in conjunction with heat pumps.
In order to consider different aspects related to a geothermal system, all these three working areas will take into account issues related to both surface (e.g. piping and technologies into a geothermal plant) and subsurface infrastructures (e.g. those related to wells, borehole heat exchangers, UTES and ATES), as well as challenges related to the competitiveness, sustainability and social acceptance of this resource (e.g. impacts reduction, monitoring, communication and building capacity).
1. Pico Vermelho and 2. Pico Alto geothermal powerplants in Azores, © Azorean Government