PART III Step 4
Step 4 - Identification of priorities
Priority setting in the context of RIS3 entails an effective match between a top-down process of identification of broad objectives aligned with EU policies and a bottom-up process of emergence of candidate niches for smart specialisation, areas of experimentation and future development stemming from the discovery activity of entrepreneurial actors.
It is of crucial importance that RIS3 governance bodies focus on a limited number of innovation and research priorities in line with the potential for smart specialisation detected in the analysis phase that is anchored in entrepreneurial discoveries. These priorities will be the areas where a region can realistically hope to excel.
As mentioned in Part II, in addition to specific technological or sectoral priorities, it is important to pay attention to defining horizontal-type priorities, referring to the diffusion and application of Key Enabling Technologies (KETs), as well as social and organisational innovations (see also Annexes I and II).
|Example 5 - Focus on priorities in Berlin/Brandenburg|
|In 1998/99 a RITTS study laid the foundation for an active innovation policy in Berlin. In 2007 it was decided to bundle forces with the surrounding Brandenburg region. Five joint future Fields of Excellence were identified: Biotechnologies and Medical technologies and pharmacy, Energy technologies, ICT and new Media, Optical technologies, and Transport system technologies. These are underpinned by 4 cross-sectoral priorities: New materials, Production and automation technology, Cleantech, and Security. These fields present the regional strength in regional publicly funded R&D and industrial activity. Innovation support measures concentrate on strengthening private sector R&D and knowledge transfer, especially for SMEs.|