Heating and cooling sector accounts for half of the EU's energy consumption, out which 75 % is still generated from fossil fuels and only 18% is produced from renewable energy sources. Around half of the EU heating and cooling equipment is old, beyond the technical lifetime, and 75% of EU buildings, which generate around 60% of heating and cooling needs, are inefficient. Improving the energy efficiency of and increasing the share of renewables in the heating and cooling sector is a priority for the EU.
The EU regions, aware of its importance, have often indicated the heating and cooling sector as a priority in their smart specialisation strategies and corresponding budget allocations.
The heating and cooling sector embraces several aspects such as energy and fuel sources; technology, economics (e.g. prices and costs), energy policy and different groups of interest. Thus, multiple opportunities to increase the use of renewable and other low-carbon energy sources and support the deployment of efficient heating and cooling solutions, such as new energy policies, various programmes or awareness raising campaigns to empower end users.
European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF) play an important role in boosting the shift towards a low-carbon economy, and in promoting innovation in the field of energy.
Considering all of the above, the overarching objective of this project, under the umbrella of the Smart Specialisation Platform on Energy, is to support the effective uptake of the cohesion funds for those regions with particular interests in the thematic area of sustainable heating and cooling.
Under this initiative, a group of up to 10 regions participated in three workshops in which JRC informed about:
- how regions can evaluate their economic energy efficiency potential in the heating and cooling sectors;
- examples of possible heating and cooling technology solutions relevant for your region;
- how regions can improve their regional heating and cooling strategies;
- ESCOs and Energy Performance Contract activities in district heating and cooling and energy efficiency in buildings;
- financing schemes for the modernisation of regional and local heating and cooling systems (e.g. district heating and cooling, new renewable or lox-carbon heating and cooling systems' installation in buildings and related energy efficiency measures in new and existing buildings), such as through commercial and other banks, International Financial institutions, and EU funding (ESIF & EFSI), including technical assistance tools (e.g. ELENA, JESSICA, etc.);
- policies, regulations, business models to improve energy efficiency at local level in heating and cooling in buildings.
The regions were encouraged to work together and to share knowledge, complementing their capacities and skills and defining the basis for a long-term cooperation in the heating and cooling area.
Three workshops brought together regional representatives and experts in the field of heating and cooling. At the workshops information about available heating and cooling technologies, best-practices examples of implementation of heating and cooling strategies and financial options were discussed.
This report summarises the activities performed in this heating and cooling initiative of the S3PEnergy.
Identification of EU funding sources for the regional heating and cooling sector
This report provides an overview of relevant EU funding sources for projects aimed at improving energy efficiency and deploying renewable energy in the heating and cooling sector, and to support innovation and job creation at regional level in the same sector. The study covers European funding sources for the current programming period (2014-2020) and, where possible, for the period beyond 2020 (2021-2027). The overview focuses on public funding, both grants and other financial instruments such as soft loans and guarantees.
- Improved use of structural and research and innovation funds for those regions with particular interests in the thematic area of sustainable heating and cooling
- Improved knowledge about available cost-effective heating and cooling technology solutions
- Established long-term collaboration between regions (beyond the duration of this project)
Energy planning and decarbonising heating and cooling are a hot topic in Europe right now. The EU-funded research initiative Heat Roadmap Europe 4 (March 2016 – February 2019) gathered scientific evidence to support long-term energy strategies at regional, national, and EU level and empower the transition to a low-carbon energy system by quantifying the impact of various alternatives for addressing the heating and cooling sectors. Since heating and cooling are inherently local this has required highly localised data through energy mapping. So far, local authorities from 10 European cities and regions have joined the City and Regions Interest Group and received tailored advice for low-carbon heating and cooling solutions.
Furthermore HRE has developed Peta which is supporting cities and regions in their efforts to decarbonise the heating and cooling sector. Peta is a publicly-available, interactive online portal to support planners, investors and policymakers by presenting:
- Heating and cooling demand densities
- Renewable heat resource potentials such as geothermal, solar thermal and biomass.
- Potential excess heat from conventional sources
- Existing district heating areas and prospective heat supply districts
- Heat Synergy Regions highlighting the overlap of demands and identified excess heat
Please find all relevant Heat Roadmap results with the following link: https://heatroadmap.eu/project-reports/
Workshop on regional heating and cooling priorities and financing in the framework of the Smart Specialisation Platform (S3P-E H&C)30 May 2018 - 01 Jun 2018
Overview of activities performed in the heating and cooling initiative of the smart specialisation platform for energy
Technical Report CARLSSON Johan; JIMENEZ NAVARRO Navarro Juan Pablo; BERTOLDI Paolo; SEIGNEUR Isabelle
External study report made for the Joint Research Centre Veen, Roel van der; Kooijman, Esmee
Workshop on regional heating and cooling priorities and financing in the framework of the Smart Specialisation Platform (S3P-E H&C)
EUR - Conference and Workshop report by the Joint Research Centre BOZA-KISS Benigna, CARLSSON Johan, JIMENEZ NAVARRO Juan Pablo, BERTOLDI Paolo