A common vision is necessary to pursue ambitious long-term objectives and avoid vested interests prevailing when priorities are chosen and revised, or when project selection criteria are defined.
A critical factor for the sustainability of S3 is the capacity to put in place an effective feedback mechanism between the EDP process and the regional vision, and to foster the quality of entrepreneurial discoveries which will subsequently affect potential revisiting about the vision itself.
Lapland (FI) is the northernmost region as well as one of the most sparsely populated in Europe. Due to its specific geographical characteristics, Lapland has explicitly based its S3 process on the elaboration of a joint vision of how to build on its strengths as an arctic region.
According to the vision of Lapland’s Arctic Specialisation Programme 2030, Lapland would enjoy a leading position in exploiting and commercialising arctic natural resources and conditions. One of the Lapland VISION 2030's objectives is to "offer its inhabitants an original, attractive place for living", embracing a wider concept of territorial development than the one usually found in industrial policy. The S3 vision for Lapland aims to promote economic regeneration and to create an original, attractive place for living by linking smart growth with sustainable (economic, ecological and social) development, putting in place the aforementioned effective feedback mechanism between the EDP and the regional vision.
The S3 vision is the result of a regional governance model coordinated by the Regional Council of Lapland and built on partnership and participation. The Regional Council of Lapland has implemented a model for regional governance to enhance smart growth and sustain the balance in sustainable development. The model emphasises the importance of a bottom‐up approach by actively involving all the 21 municipalities of Lapland, as well as industry, educational institutions, development agencies, and research organisations. It also promotes a partnership between the regional and national level as the Regional Council takes a strategic lead, but in collaboration with other regional stakeholders and national level governmental institutions.
S3 governance, vision, entrepreneurial discovery process, public sector role