The Hungarian R&I system has historically been fragmented and disconnected from our economy, with overlapping mandates of public agencies, a bias towards basic research and limited consideration of industrial innovation. Smart specialisation has led to a strategic approach of reconsidering vision, objectives and institutional control of our R&I system. Policy making has become more integrated, now covering the full spectrum of the innovation chain from exploration to commercial application.
A new R&I upgrading programme is more focused on regional objectives. It is being supported by a new institution, the National Research Development and Innovation Office which coordinates and controls funding. It has also been given responsibility to run an S3 consultation platform that will monitor the implementation process and encourage feedback.
In developing our S3 we collected many opinions on how to make the knowledge economy more sustainable, and how to achieve the highest levels of societal benefits through leverage effects. Moreover, we identified discrepancies between market demand for research, development and innovation and current capabilities at universities, research institutions, knowledge transfer bodies and business R&D units. The consultation programme included an online survey on priorities and planning (with almost 700 questionnaires). Strategy documents have been available for online consultation and comments that resulted in more than 3400 registered users. In fact, the S3 website has become an information hub for R&I actors.Finally, a series of workshops have been held in 19 counties involving almost 1300 participants, who have worked together in order to define regional specialisation goals and emerging R&I opportunities.