European Commission & EEAS
This is the first report following the review of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) in November 2015, which sets out a new framework for building more effective partnerships between the EU and its neighbours, and supporting stabilisation as a top priority. The report reflects the overarching political priorities for the EU's external action agreed with by Council following publication of the Global Strategy for the European Union's Foreign and Security Policy in June 2016.
This reflection paper situates the Smart Specialisation Strategies and regional innovation as a key instrument to harness globalisation.
JRC Science for Policy Report Gabriel Rissola, Fernando Hervás, Milena Slavcheva and Koen Jonkers
The present case study aims to identify key success factors in the Espoo innovation ecosystem, with particular attention to the role of Aalto University as an example of an entrepreneurial university. It seeks to inform policies aimed at supporting the strengthening and emergence of existing or new place-based innovation ecosystems and entrepreneurial universities in other EU regions and cities.
Macro-regional strategies can be driving forces for change if the right momentum is achieved. Macro-regional strategies are coordination and cooperation frameworks to implement shared priorities through various actions (processes) as well as projects and programmes. As such they have a wider regional impact, can contribute to processes and have the potential to become catalysts for institutional change in the future. To achieve the right momentum, macro-regional strategies have to become more appealing. They need to capitalise on the added value they can offer to processes, projects and programmes, so that the latter are interested in supporting actions implementing macro-regional strategies.
Belén Barroeta, Javier Gómez Prieto, Jonatan Paton, Manuel Palazuelos, Marcelino Cabrera Giráldez
The Smart Specialisation concept, currently implemented in the European Union, is being widely considered by several countries and regions of Latin-America. The interest towards this approach, highly based on the enhancement of regional innovation capacities, is motivating territorial dialogues, participatory processes and collective vision related to the innovation perspectives of Latin-American regions.
An analysis of drivers, barriers and readiness factors of EU companies for adopting advanced manufacturing products and technologies
Advanced Manufacturing Technologies (AMT) are key to industrial competitiveness, growth and job creation in Europe. This study identifies the main reasons for their adoption by companies: reducing production costs, improving the quality of products and services, improving the firms’ employees’ productivity and reducing production lead time. It shows that the uptake of these technologies creates benefits to SMEs from a not only technological but also economic perspective.
The Smart Specialisation concept can make a valuable contribution to the integrated approach of macro-regional strategies such as the EU Strategy for the Danube Region (EUSDR). By aligning the innovation priorities in the macro-region, RIS3 cooperation can help deve- loping critical mass to tackle major common challenges and goals, stimulate constructive use of regional, national and EU funding taking into account diversity while avoiding uniformity and duplication.
This Peer Review, launched in May 2016 aims to provide external advice and operational recommendations to the Ukrainian authorities on possible reforms to undertake in the following focus areas: (1) Optimization of available policy instruments to support the national research system; (2) Internationalisation of research and integration of Ukraine into the European Research Area; and (3) Role of science in Ukrainian innovations development. The final report and the recommendations will be presented to the Ukrainian R&I community in December 2016.
1. Ukraine's STI system needs ambitious reforms to boost its efficiency and impact. These should be coupled with strong governmental commitment to invest more. The target of 1.7% of public R&D expenditures/GDP in the new Law on Scientific and Technical Activity, although unlikely to be reached soon, should remain valid and support the STI reform agenda. Competitive research funding should gain relevance to reach 40% by 2022. 2. The country needs to "innovate its path to growth" with a cross-governmental STI Strategy that is backed by adequate tools. This will require a cross-government effort that involves the intellectual, material and financial assets of the country. Ukraine must place research and innovation high on its political and policy agenda. The Strategy should be developed and implemented to exploit the potential of STI for growth and societal wellbeing. 3. Science in Ukraine should benefit society and the economy. This will require a fundamental change in the way Ukraine orients and carries out its STI. Notably, the science community must realise that in these difficult times "science for the benefit of society and the economy" is a must. This has to be firmly anchored in the mission and rules of all research performing organisations (including universities and the Academies of Sciences). 4. Urgent decisions are needed to prioritise Ukraine's STI actions based on the principles of scientific excellence and on opportunities for innovation-driven economic growth in Ukraine. 5. STI institutions, funding and procedures need strong institutional revamp. Global standards and good practice should be leading forces of change. Legal reforms such as the new Law on Scientific and Technical Activity and the forthcoming Law on Innovation must be optimally deployed to roll out a fully coordinated cross-government approach on STI. 6. Ukraine should push for the internationalisation and opening-up of its STI system. It should use the manifold opportunities gained by its accession to Horizon 2020 and establish adequate mechanisms to support the success of Ukrainian participants in Horizon 2020. At the same time, Ukraine should take the European Research Area agenda as a backdrop for its national reforms. Openness and internationalisation create vibrant and advanced STI systems. 7. Finally, the government and the STI community must take ownership and communicate on the STI reforms undertaken and on their positive results for the country. This should be a joint effort by policy-makers from all political parties and the country’s leading intellectuals. STI delivers returns for Ukraine's economy and society, and these should be promoted, shared, and used with and between society and economic actors.
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