The core issues in this policy brief
are: (1) What are the ambitions of Smart Specialisation when it comes to transformation of RIS in a way which can deliver the overall objectives of solving the European economic crisis? (2) How can this be done in practice in the context of the framework of planning defined by the 6 steps outlined in the S3 Guide?. In discovering, promoting and implementing these improvements, transnational learning is a promising and potentially powerful tool. However, attempts to organize transnational learning may easily fail. This brief explains how it can succeed following the six steps of the S3 Guide.